who built göbekli tepe

Another possible point in favor of people from a larger area congregating at Göbekli Tepe is presented by raw material sourcing of the obsidian found onsite [read more here – external link]. He began excavations the following year and soon unearthed the first of the huge T-shaped pillars. From the strange glyphs and ideograms on the various stones, which include symbols resembling the letters C and H, to the twelvefold division of stones in the various enclosures, there is powerful evidence that these 11,000-year-old temples resonate the influence of the celestial heavens. İnsanlık Tarihi İçin Neden Bu Kadar Önemlidir? It sits smack in the middle of the fertile crescent, where earliest humans began the agricultural revolution. Even after Deneb ceased to be Pole Star around 14,000 BC, due to the effects of precession (the slow wobble of the earth’s axis across a cycle of approximately 26,000 years), its place was taken by another Cygnus star, Delta Cygni, which held the position until around 13,000 BC. The discovery is that important. So what are the secrets of Adam, and where might they be found today? At the western edge of the hill, a lionlike figure was found. Nights of the Witch Comments on 14C-Dates from Göbekli Tepe. It consists of loose sediments caused by erosion and the virtually-uninterrupted use of the hill for agricultural purposes since it ceased to operate as a ceremonial center. Both birds are identified with the Cygnus constellation. Credit: DAI Evidence that Gobekli Tepe was peopled by hunter-gatherers as opposed to farming folk comes from the over 100,000 bits and bobs of bone found there, which had clearly been cooked. A preliminary Report on the 1995–1999 Excavations. They believed in a cosmic tree supporting the sky world entered via the Great Rift—the fork or split in the Milky Way caused by the presence of stellar dust and debris—corresponding to the position in the northern heavens occupied by the stars of Cygnus, the celestial swan (a.k.a. Where exactly was Charaxio, or Mount Seir, where the books of Seth containing the secrets of Adam await discovery? Even the design of the enclosures appears to have cosmic significance. The authors also say that, compared to previous estimations, the amount of manpower required to build Göbekli Tepe should be multiplied by three. Since its discovery, however, surface surveys have shown that several hills in the greater area also have 'T'-shaped stone pillars (e.g. New structures were built to replace them, but as time went on they became much smaller in construction, until eventually the cell-like buildings were no larger than a family-sized Jacuzzi with pillars no more than five feet (a meter and a half) in height. The Swiderians believed also that birds were symbols of astral flight, and that this was the manner in which the shaman could reach the sky world. ", "Göbekli Tepe: A Neolithic Site in Southwestern Anatolia", "World's Oldest Monument to Receive a Multi-Million Dollar Investment", "Göbekli Tepe: Nomination for Inclusion on the World Heritage List", "Turkey: Conservation, not excavation, focus in Gobeklitepe", "Establishing a Radiocarbon Sequence for Göbekli Tepe. An episode of Joe Rogan’s podcast, featuring Graham Hancock, garnered more than 3.5 million views on its episode about Göbekli Tepe, since it … So far, very little evidence for residential use has been found. Perhaps a monument built to remember what had occurred before the civilization was lost forever? It is 1.92 metres high, and is superficially reminiscent of the totem poles in North America. He discovered a series of limestone pillars in a circle containing artistic depictions of lions, bulls, spiders, scorpions, snakes, gazelles, and donkeys among other creatures. Their oral traditions would one day be carried into the land of Canaan by the first Israelites and recorded down in religious works such as the book of Enoch and the book of Giants. Local tradition asserts that Bingöl was also the source of the fourth river of Paradise, the Pison, while ancient writers record that the true source of the Tigris was in the same region. Göbekli Tepe is thought to have been built in various phases. The sheer age and size of Gobekli Tepe is absolutely mind boggling. Are the Watchers a memory of the appearance in southeast Anatolia of Swiderian groups, whose striking appearance fits the vivid description of the Watchers offered in Enochian literature? "Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological wonder," Prof. Gopher explains. At the time the edifice was constructed, the surrounding country was likely to have been forested and capable of sustaining this variety of wildlife, before millennia of human settlement and cultivation led to the near–Dust Bowl conditions prevalent today. In: K. Schmidt: "Zuerst kam der Tempel, dann die Stadt." Their status as quarries was confirmed by the find of a 3-by-3 metre piece at the southeastern slope of the plateau. The H glyphs seem to relate to the shaman’s journey from this world to the otherworld, while the C glyphs are almost certainly slim lunar crescents signifying the transition from one lunar cycle to the next. Göbekli Tepe was buried for reasons unknown a few thousand years after its completion. Their scribes preserved in cuneiform writing the ruling dynasties’ mythical history, in which the founders of the Neolithic revolution are known as the Anunnaki, the gods of heaven and earth. The horizontal stone slab on top is thought by Schmidt to symbolize shoulders, which suggests that the figures were left headless. [6][43] Schmidt believed that what he called this "cathedral on a hill" was a pilgrimage destination attracting worshippers up to 150 km (90 mi) distant. I stand by this statement and add only that with his vast knowledge of the subject under discussion, there is no one better suited to reveal Göbekli Tepe’s place in history today”, Graham Hancock from his Introduction
 to Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods. Most of this ancient site still remains buried. These are the questions I ask in new book Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods, in which I provide compelling evidence that the myths of the Watchers of the book of Enoch and the Anunnaki of Mesopotamian myth and legend are memories of the Göbekli builders and their impact on the rise of civilization. This is a very exciting realization that tells us that we might well have underestimated the dynamic potency of hybridization in the formative years of human history. The sprawling 11,500-year-old stone Göbekli Tepe complex in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey, is the earliest known temple in human histo The two other unfinished pillars lie on the southern Plateau. And their target: the setting down on the local horizon of Deneb, Cygnus’s brightest star, which marked the start of the Milky Way’s Great Rift, a role played by Deneb as early as 16,500-14,000 BC. 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